Git Hacks and Tricks
From OPeNDAP Documentation
1 Git resources
- The Pro GIT book is online at: git-scm.com
- Good cheat sheet: http://ndpsoftware.com/git-cheatsheet.html#loc=workspace;
- Info on branching from git.com: http://git-scm.com/book/en/Git-Branching-Remote-Branches
- Migration to git: http://git-scm.com/book/en/Git-and-Other-Systems-Migrating-to-Git
2 Setup a username and access token for GitHub
- git config --global github.user <name>
- git config --global github.token <token>
- where the token is made using the instructions at https://help.github.com/articles/creating-an-access-token-for-command-line-use
3 When using an old version of git on Linux
[jimg@wasabi hyrax-git]$ git pull error: Couldn't resolve host 'github.com' while accessing https://github.com/opendap/hyrax.git/info/refs
4 Cheat sheet items
These are simple things that are not really obvious from the git book or other sources
- How to see a list of 'conflicted' files after a merge
- git diff --name-only --diff-filter=U
- How to see the difference between to commits
- git diff <commit-hash-1> <commit-hash-2>, e.g., git diff 0da94be 59ff30c
- ...for a specific file: git diff <commit-hash-1> <commit-hash-2> -- <file>
- ...and don't forget the shorthand for the hashes: git diff HEAD^^..HEAD -- main.c where HEAD^ is the previous commit
- How to see the different remote branches
- git remote show origin
- Fetch all the branches on origin
- git fetch origin
- How do I list the remote branches (that have been fetched)?
- git branch -a
- How do I switch to a branch from a remote origin?
- git checkout -b test origin/test
- or, with newer versions of git: git checkout test
- How do I see what would be pushed to a remote repo?
- git push --dry-run
- git diff origin/master # Assumes you have run git fetch, I think
- git diff --stat origin/master # --stat just shows the file names stats, not the diffs
- To get a specific file from a specific branch
- git show dap4:./gdal_dds.cc > gdal_dds.dap4.cc You can use checkout instead of show and that will overwrite the file.
- the general syntax is object (that's the 'dap4:./gdal_dds.cc' part) and it can use the ^ and ~n syntax to specify various commits on the given branch. A SHA can also be used.
- How to change the 'origin' for a remote repo
- git remote set-url origin git://new.url.here (https URLs work too...)
- How to push a local branch to a remote repo
- git push -u origin feature_branch_name
- How to make and track a new (local) branch
- git checkout -b <branch name>
- Commited my code, then made a bunch of changes that just seem like a bad idea in retrospect. How do I go back to my previous commit for everything in a directory? I don't care if I loose all my changes since the last commit.
- git reset HEAD --hard (Note that this is one of the very few git commands where you really cannot undo what you have done).
- How to undo a commit (that has not been pushed)
- git reset --soft HEAD~1. This leaves the files in their changed state in your working dir so that you can edit them and recommit. You can also change to a different branch and commit there, then change back.
- In the above case, To reuse the old commit message
- git commit -c ORIG_HEAD <-- This works because 'reset' copied the old head to .git/ORIG_HEAD. If you don't need to edit the old message, use -C instead of -c.